It's amazing to me that when leaders find out that their options are reform or face a revolution they always avoid reform
they could make enough concessions to the people that there's no real threat of revolution but no instead they choose the option that even gives them the option of being killed in a violent revolt. It just doesn't make sense to me. They could make people happier and improve people's lives but instead they choose to worsen lives while aggravating everyone.
those aren't leaders, they are authoritarian mechanisms!