A philosophy made by some German guy named Max Stirner. He did not care for ghosts or being haunted by them. He wrote a book about it called "the unique and its property".
Wait. Ghosts? What?
Yeah, it's a metaphor. He called fixed ideas "ghosts", or "spooks", or "phantasms" because they "spooked" and "haunted" people.
What do you mean by "fixed idea" and "haunting"?
Basically, a fixed idea is something that isn't real outside of your imagination that you, or at least everyone around you, follows and/or fears despite there being no good reason to. When you believe in the fixed idea, or "phantasm", you're "haunted" by it.
Wouldn't that make morality a "fixed idea"?
Yep. Laws, too. They only have any power and influence because other people give them that power and influence, but they don't have to exist.
What stops egoists from doing whatever they want to other people? Like, killing and stuff?
In the world we live in? Just about anything that stops people who aren't egoists. In a world absent of fixed ideas? Lack of desire, fear of potential consequences, and so on. Basically whatever stops most people from doing those things right now, because it's not like there's a police station on every square inch of the planet and it's not like the existence of laws and morality actually stop people.
If morality isn't real, how/why do egoists-
Self-interest. Empathy. Compassion. Love, even.
How does egoism solve problems inherent in the human condition?
It doesn't. No philosophy or ideology ever has or will.
Are egoists anarchists, then?
A solid 90+% are. The state and its laws aren't real.
So you're communists?
Maybe, like, 4 of us are.
No. Private property and money aren't real either. People take the "pursuit of self-interest" bit and exaggerate it at the expense of the equally-if-not-more-important "rejection of fixed ideas" part.
I heard egoists were racist/ableist/fascists/etc.
All of those things rely on fixed ideas; which egoists mock and reject, so no. This doesn't stop those types of people from co-opting egoism, unfortunately.
Wasn't Stirner a white supremacist?
Most people point to that one part of "The Hierarchy". He was riffing on Hegel, who basically said the same things unironically. Talking about this is annoying, but understandable because no one is actually going to read Hegel.
What if there's a "ghost" that an egoist likes? Can "ghosts" be good?
They reject it anyway and no. The fact that it's a "ghost" rather than just an abstract idea means that it's already "bad".
Hey, what's this ego/unique that I keep hearing about?
The individual, basically.
You keep talking about "The Unique and its Property" but other egoists talk about "The Ego and Its Own", what's up with that?
The Unique and its Property is the more recent translation of The Ego and Its Own. It's considered the better translation.